Vellore Fort is situated in Vellore near Chennai in Tamil Nadu state, India and was built by the Nayakar captains of the Vijayanagara Empire and was constructed with large granite blocks. The Fort is One of the monuments in Vellore. In during the rule of Chinna Bommi Nayak (1526 to 1595 A.D.)a very close examination of the stone inscriptions suggests that the Fort in all probability might have been built. In South India the Fort is one of the most perfect specimens of Military architecture. Inside the Fort the Jalakandeswarar Temple is a very fine example of Vijayanagar architecture.
The fort is situated on the Palor riverbank. The outer length of the fort is about 2,500 feet and 1,500 feet in breadth. The height of the outer wall is about 30 feet and the breadth is about 25 feet. The approximate circumstance of the fort is 2,600 meters. The fort is known for its grand walls, wide moat and robust masonry. The fort covers about 133 acres of area. It is believed to be the only stone fort in India. It is a perfect Water fort or Jala Durg. Jalakantesvara Temple, dedicated to Shiva, is the most impressive building within the fort. The fort houses a Temple, a Mosque and a Church, the reknown Vellore Christian Hospital, and many other buildings that are now used as public offices.
The broad moat which surrounds the fort receives water from Suryagunta tank, a large reservoir near the railway station. The most of yore, which boasted of more than 10,000 crocodiles, according to a local legend is no longer there. The moat is dry today on the southern side while parts of the eastern and western sides also face the same predicament. On its construction it was constructed for greater defensive purposes and it was built and made fairly wide and deep. The circumference of the the moat is about 8000 feet at a length and depth of 190 feet and 20 feet respectively.
On the left of the entrance of Kalyanamantap,the intricate carvings and delicacy of execution bears testimony to the engineering marvel and also advanced state of sculpture of the times. The Centre stage of Medical world is the Christian Medical College & Hospital is the another landmark in Vellore.
Vellore Fort in Tamil Nadu also houses a museum that has restored many paintings, sculptures and handicrafts. The Vellore Fort remains open from 8 am to 8 pm except on Fridays.