From Chennai, just 55 km away, is the world-famous town of Mahabalipuram, derived from Mamallapuram is a town in Kancheepuram district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The Pallava dynasty of South India, one of the major lines of kings to rule in India after the Gupta period, made this lovely seaside village their second capital. The place blossomed under the creative forces of that time between the fifth and eighth centuries. Today, the shore temple, the largest bas-relief in the world called Arjuna’s Penance and the famous and beautiful mandapams has made this town world famous. It has various historic monuments built largely between the 7th and the 9th centuries, and has been classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Almost 5km north of Mamallapuram in the village of Salavankuppam, the tiger cave is a rock cut shrine dating from 7th century. Dedicated to Durga, it has a small mandapam featuring a crown of carved yali heads. Another 14 km from here lies Tirukkalikundram a pilgrim centre with a hilltop temple dedicated to Lord Shivan.
To know some more informative :
a)Thirukadalmallai, the temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It was also built by Pallava King in order to safeguard the sculptures from the ocean. It is told that after building this temple, the remaining architecture was preserved and was not corroded by sea.
b)Descent of the Ganges – a giant open-air bas relief
c)Arjuna’s Penance – relief sculpture on a massive scale extolling an episode from the Hindu epic, The Mahabharata.
d)Varaha Cave Temple – a small rock-cut temple dating back to the 7th century.
e)The Shore Temple – a structural temple along the Bay of Bengal with the entrance from the western side away from the sea. Recent excavations have revealed new structures here. The temple was reconstructed stone by stone from the sea after being washed away in a cyclone.
f)Pancha Rathas (Five Chariots) – five monolithic pyramidal structures named after the Pandavas and Draupadi. An interesting aspect of the rathas that, despite their sizes they are not assembled, each of these is carved from one single large piece of stone.
Koyambedu to Mahabalipuram : W568CV